Do you have Hypothyroidism?
You may have Hypothyroidism even if your Thyroxine levels show normal. It is called:
- Subclinical hypothyroidism: Normal Thyroxine and high TSH with no symptoms.
- Grade 1 Hypothyroidism: Normal Thyroxine and TSH > upper limit of reference range (10mlU/L)
- Grade 2 Hypothyroidism: Normal Thyroxine and TSH 10.1 – 20 mlU/L
- Grade 3 Hypothyroidism: Normal Thyroxine and TSH > 20 mlU/L
- Clinical or overt hypothyroidism: Low Thyroxine and high TSH
- Primary Hypothyroidism is characterized by low thyroid hormone and high TSH blood levels.
- Secondary Hypothyroidism is characterized by low thyroid hormone and low TSH levels.
- Cellular Hypothyroidism is characterized by normal thyroid hormone, TSH levels and low functional thyroid activity (as defined by a low basal metabolic rate).
Signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism
- Central nervous system: Depression, fatigue, forgetfulness, decreased concentration, memory deficit, slow thinking, cold intolerance, decreased sweating, ataxia (loss of full body movements), headaches.
- Muscloskeletal: Muscular weakness, cramps, myalgia (muscular pain), arthralgia (pain in joint)and delayed relaxation phase of reflexes.
- Cardiovascular: Bradycardia (abnormal heart rate), diastolic hypertension, high LDL, ascites (abdominal swelling), poor circulation (cold extremities), hyperhomocysteinemia.
- Haematological: Iron deficiency anaemia
- Respiratory: Shortness of breath
- Gastrointestinal: Anorexia, reduced appetite, constipation, sluggish bowel transit time associated with flatulence, or bloating.
- Ear, nose and throat: Puffy eyes, enlarged tongue, hearing impairment, goiter, hoarseness of voice, dysphagia (difficult to swallow), sore throat.
- Immune: poor immune system, recurrent infections, easily sick
- Genitourinary (Genital and urinary organs): impaired kidney function
- Female reproductive: low libido, infertility, irregular menstrual cycle, Menorrhagia (heavy bleeding at menstruation), galactorrhoea (excessive milk production), hyperprolactinaemia (high prolactin), fibrocystic breast disease (lumpiness in breasts)
- Male reproductive: Low libido, infertility, impotence, hyperprolactinaemia (high prolactin).
- Integumentary: Dry skin and mucous membranes (mouth, vagina, anus), coarse skin, brittle and coarse hair and nails, hair loss, thin and brittle nails.
- Radiological: Pericardial and pleural effusions, pituitary gland enlargement
- General: Weight gain or difficult in losing weight, oedema causing facial features to swell and look puffy.
Many studies show a strong link between thyroid dysfunction, infertility, miscarriages, premature delivery and stillbirths. Untreated hypothyroidism may cause miscarriages, infertility, premature delivery or stillbirths.
- Photo credit: http://www.goodlivingwarehouse.com/hypothyroidism-natural-approach-to-low-thyroid-hormone/
- Hechtman L, 2012, Clinical Naturopathic Medicine, Churchill Livingstone, Chatswood, Australia, pp1053-1054
The information contained in this article is provided for your general information only and is not meant for diagnosis or treatment of any disease or disorder. If you suffer from any disorders or have any symptoms, please consult with your qualified practitioner before changing your diet or taking any supplements